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Thursday, August 18, 2016

Install & Configure Nagios Core 4.2 on CentOS 6

Install & Configure Nagios Core 4.2 on CentOS 6

Nagios Core is a free and open source computer-software application that monitors systems, networks and infrastructure. Nagios offers monitoring and alerting services for servers, switches, applications and services. It alerts users when things go wrong and alerts them a second time when the problem has been resolved. Nagios Core is the monitoring and alerting engine that serves as the primary application around which hundreds of Nagios projects are built.

In this article, we will setup a network monitoring server by installing Nagios Core 4.2 on a preconfigured CentOS 6 machine.

Before moving forward, it is required to have basic concepts of Nagios Core 4. Therefore, it is highly recommended that you should have Learning Nagios - Third Edition. It will be really helpful for you during your Nagios journey.


Table of Contents:

Install & Configure Nagios Core 4.2 on CentOS 6

System Specification:

Nagios Core 4.2 does not have any specific system requirements except it requires a Linux 5/6/7 Server. Therefore, we have setup a virtual machine with the following specification:

  • CPU - 2.4 Ghz (2 cores)
  • Memory - 1 GB
  • Storage - 20 GB
  • Swap - 2 GB
  • Operating System - CentOS 6.7


Installing Nagios Core 4.2 on CentOS 6:

Verify kernel version and network configurations.

# uname -a
Linux nagios01.test.local 2.6.32-573.el6.x86_64 #1 SMP Thu Jul 23 15:44:03 UTC 2015 x86_64 x86_64 x86_64 GNU/Linux
# ip addr
1: lo:  mtu 65536 qdisc noqueue state UNKNOWN
    link/loopback 00:00:00:00:00:00 brd 00:00:00:00:00:00
    inet scope host lo
    inet6 ::1/128 scope host
       valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
2: eth0:  mtu 1500 qdisc pfifo_fast state UP qlen 1000
    link/ether 00:0c:29:c6:33:f9 brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff
    inet brd scope global eth0
    inet6 fe80::20c:29ff:fec6:33f9/64 scope link
       valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever

Install required packages using yum.

# yum install -y make net-snmp httpd php gcc glibc glibc-common gd gd-devel wget unzip

Create User and Group for Nagios.

# useradd nagios
# groupadd nagcmd

Add users to nagcmd group.

# usermod -G nagcmd nagios
# usermod -G nagcmd apache

Create a directory to download Nagios packages.

# mkdir -p /soft/nagios
# cd /soft/nagios

Download Nagios Core 4.2 and Nagios Plugins 2.1 tarballs from https://www.nagios.org/.

# wget https://assets.nagios.com/downloads/nagioscore/releases/nagios-4.2.0.tar.gz
# wget https://nagios-plugins.org/download/nagios-plugins-2.1.2.tar.gz

Extract downloaded tarballs.

# tar -xvf nagios-4.2.0.tar.gz
# tar -xvf nagios-plugins-2.1.2.tar.gz

Compile and install Nagios Core.

# cd /soft/nagios/nagios-4.2.0
# ./configure --with-command-group=nagcmd
# make all 
# make install
# make install-init
# make install-commandmode
# make install-config
# make install-webconf


Configure Nagios Core 4.2 on CentOS 6:

Open contact.cfg file in vi editor.

# vi /usr/local/nagios/etc/objects/contacts.cfg

and change the email address of nagiosadmin with your email address to receive notifications.

define contact{
        contact_name            nagiosadmin             ; Short name of user
        use                     generic-contact         ; Inherit default values from generic-contact template (defined above)
        alias                   Nagios Admin            ; Full name of user
        email                   ahmer.mansoor@gmail.com       ; <<***** CHANGE THIS TO YOUR EMAIL ADDRESS ******

Nagios Core does not provide any authentication method, therefore we are required to setup Basic HTTP Authentication for Nagios web interface.

# htpasswd -s -c /usr/local/nagios/etc/htpasswd.users nagiosadmin

Start httpd service and enable it on runlevel 3 and 5.

# service httpd start
# chkconfig --level 35 httpd on

Compile and install Nagios Plugins.

# cd /soft/nagios/nagios-plugins-2.1.2
# ./configure --with-nagios-user=nagios --with-nagios-group=nagios
# make
# make install

Verify Nagios configurations.

# /usr/local/nagios/bin/nagios -v /usr/local/nagios/etc/nagios.cfg

Nagios Core 4.2.0
Copyright (c) 2009-present Nagios Core Development Team and Community Contributors
Copyright (c) 1999-2009 Ethan Galstad
Last Modified: 08-01-2016
License: GPL

Website: https://www.nagios.org
Reading configuration data...
   Read main config file okay...
   Read object config files okay...

Running pre-flight check on configuration data...

Checking objects...
        Checked 8 services.
        Checked 1 hosts.
        Checked 1 host groups.
        Checked 0 service groups.
        Checked 1 contacts.
        Checked 1 contact groups.
        Checked 24 commands.
        Checked 5 time periods.
        Checked 0 host escalations.
        Checked 0 service escalations.
Checking for circular paths...
        Checked 1 hosts
        Checked 0 service dependencies
        Checked 0 host dependencies
        Checked 5 timeperiods
Checking global event handlers...
Checking obsessive compulsive processor commands...
Checking misc settings...

Total Warnings: 0
Total Errors:   0

Things look okay - No serious problems were detected during the pre-flight check

Start nagios service and enable it on Runlevel 3 and 5.

# chkconfig --level 35 nagios on
# service nagios start

Disable SELinux.

# setenforce 0
# sed -i 's/^SELINUX=.*/SELINUX=disabled/g' /etc/selinux/config && cat /etc/selinux/config

Allow HTTP Port in Linux firewall using iptables.

# iptables -I INPUT 5 -p tcp --dport 80 -m state --state NEW,ESTABLISHED -j ACCEPT
# service iptables save

Now open Nagios in browser, and user the nagiosadmin to login.

Basic HTTP Authentication Login

Nagios Core Server DashboardNagios Core Server Current Network Status

Nagios Core Server Tactical Monitoring OverviewNagios Core Server Service Information

Nagios Core 4.2 Server has been installed successfuly on our CentOS 6.7 server.

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  1. Ahmer, This post will definitely help a lot. Additionally we can use Nagstamon as the desktop application or client tool to keep monitoring the nagios.


    And check_oracle_health plugin can be used to monitor the database.

    Dilli Raj Maharjan


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