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Wednesday, 13 February 2019

Install Docker CE on an Offline CentOS 7 Machine

Install Docker CE on an Offline CentOS 7 Machine

Docker is the most famous containerization software. In this artilce, you will learn how to install Docker CE on an offline CentOS 7 machine.

 

Table of Contents:

 

What is Docker? :

Docker is a computer software, that performs operating-system-level virtualization, also known as Containerization. Docker is developed by Docker Inc. Docker uses predefined and custom images to create and run containers. These images are provided through Docker Hub (an online Docker registry).

Containers are isolated from each other having their own set of binaries, libraries and configuration files. Unlike virtual machines, containers may or may not have their own operating systems. The containers are run by the host operating system Kernel, therefore, a container is much light weight as compare to a Hypervisor based virtual machine.

Docker is an important part of today’s DevOps environments, where it is mostly used for application virtualization..

Docker is a freemium software. Because a Community Edition (CE)  with limited features is available as free while an Enterprise Edition (EE) is available with more features and a license cost.

Docker is also provided with Red Hat Atomic Host 7, which is a RHEL 7 based operating system optimized for hosting containers. You can read our previous guide about installation of Red Hat Atomic Host 7.

Install Docker CE on an Offline CentOS 7 Machine

Environment Specification:

In this article, we are using two isolated CentOS 7 based Linux servers. One server has access to Internet, while the other server isn’t connected with Internet.

  Offline Server Online Server
Hostname: docker-offline.example.com docker-online.example.com
Operating System: CentOS 7.6 CentOS 7.6
Internet: No Yes

Linux operating systems on both machines must be same, otherwise the software package versions may not matched and it won’t work.

 

Installing EPEL Yum Repository on CentOS 7:

By using a ssh client, connect with docker-online.example.com as root user.

Docker CE requires some software packages that are available in EPEL (Extra Packages for Enterprise Linux) yum repository. Therefore, we have to install EPEL yum repository first.

# yum install -y epel-release.noarch

EPEL yum repository has been installed.

 

Installing Docker Yum Repository on CentOS 7:

Install Docker CE yum repository on our CentOS 7 operating system.

# yum-config-manager --add-repo=https://download.docker.com/linux/centos/docker-ce.repo
Loaded plugins: fastestmirror
adding repo from: https://download.docker.com/linux/centos/docker-ce.repo
grabbing file https://download.docker.com/linux/centos/docker-ce.repo to /etc/yum.repos.d/docker-ce.repo
repo saved to /etc/yum.repos.d/docker-ce.repo

Enable Docker CE (Nightly) yum repository.

# yum-config-manager --enable docker-ce-nightly
Loaded plugins: fastestmirror
=========================== repo: docker-ce-nightly ============================
[docker-ce-nightly]
async = True
bandwidth = 0
base_persistdir = /var/lib/yum/repos/x86_64/7
baseurl = https://download.docker.com/linux/centos/7/x86_64/nightly
cache = 0
cachedir = /var/cache/yum/x86_64/7/docker-ce-nightly
check_config_file_age = True
compare_providers_priority = 80
cost = 1000
deltarpm_metadata_percentage = 100
deltarpm_percentage =
enabled = 1
enablegroups = True
exclude =
failovermethod = priority
ftp_disable_epsv = False
gpgcadir = /var/lib/yum/repos/x86_64/7/docker-ce-nightly/gpgcadir
gpgcakey =
gpgcheck = True
gpgdir = /var/lib/yum/repos/x86_64/7/docker-ce-nightly/gpgdir
gpgkey = https://download.docker.com/linux/centos/gpg
hdrdir = /var/cache/yum/x86_64/7/docker-ce-nightly/headers
http_caching = all
includepkgs =
ip_resolve =
keepalive = True
keepcache = False
mddownloadpolicy = sqlite
mdpolicy = group:small
mediaid =
metadata_expire = 21600
metadata_expire_filter = read-only:present
metalink =
minrate = 0
mirrorlist =
mirrorlist_expire = 86400
name = Docker CE Nightly - x86_64
old_base_cache_dir =
password =
persistdir = /var/lib/yum/repos/x86_64/7/docker-ce-nightly
pkgdir = /var/cache/yum/x86_64/7/docker-ce-nightly/packages
proxy = False
proxy_dict =
proxy_password =
proxy_username =
repo_gpgcheck = False
retries = 10
skip_if_unavailable = False
ssl_check_cert_permissions = True
sslcacert =
sslclientcert =
sslclientkey =
sslverify = True
throttle = 0
timeout = 30.0
ui_id = docker-ce-nightly/x86_64
ui_repoid_vars = releasever,
   basearch
username =

We have added two yum repositories in our Linux server. Therefore, we should build cache for yum package manager.

# yum makecache fast
Loaded plugins: fastestmirror
Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile
epel/x86_64/metalink                                     | 9.1 kB     00:00
 * base: repo.inara.pk
 * epel: sg.fedora.ipserverone.com
 * extras: repo.inara.pk
 * updates: repo.inara.pk
base                                                     | 3.6 kB     00:00
docker-ce-nightly                                        | 3.5 kB     00:00
docker-ce-stable                                         | 3.5 kB     00:00
extras                                                   | 3.4 kB     00:00
updates                                                  | 3.4 kB     00:00
Metadata Cache Created

 

Downloading Docker CE and Software Dependencies:

Create a directory to download Docker CE and dependent software packages.

# mkdir ~/docker
# cd ~/docker

Download Docker CE and dependent packages following Linux command.

# yumdownloader --resolve docker-ce

Docker CE and dependent software packages has been downloaded.

# ls
audit-libs-python-2.8.4-4.el7.x86_64.rpm
checkpolicy-2.5-8.el7.x86_64.rpm
containerd.io-1.2.2-3.el7.x86_64.rpm
container-selinux-2.74-1.el7.noarch.rpm
docker-ce-18.09.1-3.el7.x86_64.rpm
docker-ce-cli-18.09.1-3.el7.x86_64.rpm
libcgroup-0.41-20.el7.x86_64.rpm
libseccomp-2.3.1-3.el7.x86_64.rpm
libsemanage-python-2.5-14.el7.x86_64.rpm
policycoreutils-2.5-29.el7_6.1.x86_64.rpm
policycoreutils-python-2.5-29.el7_6.1.x86_64.rpm
python-IPy-0.75-6.el7.noarch.rpm
setools-libs-3.3.8-4.el7.x86_64.rpm

The above packages versions may be different on your Linux server due to the Kernel version that your are using.

Now, we need to transfer these files to docker-offline.example.com. Therefore, we are creating a tarball of all downloaded software packages.

# tar czf ~/docker.tar.gz *

Now, we have a tarball of Docker CE and dependent software packages.

# ls ~ -lh
total 58M
-rw-------. 1 root root 1.5K Dec 22 11:29 anaconda-ks.cfg
drwxr-xr-x. 2 root root 4.0K Feb  8 21:32 docker
-rw-r--r--. 1 root root  58M Feb  8 21:39 docker.tar.gz

 

Installing Docker CE on Offline System:

Transfer the docker.tar.gz tarball to docker-offline.example.com and copy at home directory of root user.

# ls -lh
total 58M
-rw-------. 1 root root 1.5K Dec 22 12:23 anaconda-ks.cfg
-rw-r--r--. 1 root root  58M Feb  8 21:39 docker.tar.gz

Extract the docker.tar.gz tarball.

# mkdir docker
# tar xf docker.tar.gz -C ~/docker

Install all packages in the ~/docker directory.

# cd docker
# rpm -ivh --replacefiles --replacepkgs *.rpm
warning: containerd.io-1.2.2-3.el7.x86_64.rpm: Header V4 RSA/SHA512 Signature, key ID 621e9f35: NOKEY
Preparing...                          ################################# [100%]
Updating / installing...
   1:policycoreutils-2.5-29.el7_6.1   ################################# [  8%]
   2:libcgroup-0.41-20.el7            ################################# [ 15%]
   3:setools-libs-3.3.8-4.el7         ################################# [ 23%]
   4:python-IPy-0.75-6.el7            ################################# [ 31%]
   5:libsemanage-python-2.5-14.el7    ################################# [ 38%]
   6:libseccomp-2.3.1-3.el7           ################################# [ 46%]
   7:docker-ce-cli-1:18.09.1-3.el7    ################################# [ 54%]
   8:containerd.io-1.2.2-3.el7        ################################# [ 62%]
   9:checkpolicy-2.5-8.el7            ################################# [ 69%]
  10:audit-libs-python-2.8.4-4.el7    ################################# [ 77%]
  11:policycoreutils-python-2.5-29.el7################################# [ 85%]
  12:container-selinux-2:2.74-1.el7   ################################# [ 92%]
  13:docker-ce-3:18.09.1-3.el7        ################################# [100%]

Start and enable Docker service.

# systemctl enable docker.service
Created symlink from /etc/systemd/system/multi-user.target.wants/docker.service to /usr/lib/systemd/system/docker.service.
# systemctl start docker.service

We have successfully installed Docker CE on an offline Linux server.

 

Download Docker images from Docker Hub:

To create containers,  we required Docker images, that are available via Docker Hub or a Private Docker Registry server.

Since, our Linux server is not connected to Internet, therefore, we cannot pull Docker images directly from Docker Hub.

The workaround of this problem is to download Docker images on an online system and then transfer and load these images to our offline CentOS 7 server.

Note: You must have Docker CE installed on the online system first. Because we will use the docker command to download and save images from Docker Hub.

# docker pull jenkins/jenkins
Using default tag: latest
latest: Pulling from jenkins/jenkins
8700b2d54fbc: Pull complete
4613d2e35dec: Pull complete
08320da45709: Pull complete
8f947c5bbe77: Pull complete
51cf55002ec2: Pull complete
9537066ae19a: Pull complete
e156275467ac: Pull complete
Digest: sha256:20981c20164347728fca4774b3c45f5d24a73d857e8b9b8e6faf4100cfc0812d
Status: Downloaded newer image for jenkins/jenkins:latest

Similarly, pull more images according to your requirement.

Save Jenkins image in a tar file.

# docker save jenkins/jenkins > ~/jenkins.tar
# ls -lh
total 690M
-rw-------. 1 root root 1.5K Dec 22 11:29 anaconda-ks.cfg
-rw-r--r--. 1 root root 690M Feb 12 22:07 jenkins.tar

Transfer jenkins.tar to docker-offline.example.com.

Load jenkins.tar image by using docker command.

# docker load < jenkins.tar
13d5529fd232: Loading layer  105.6MB/105.6MB
abc3250a6c7f: Loading layer  24.07MB/24.07MB
5924ca705d38: Loading layer  9.216kB/9.216kB
852edd42bb1e: Loading layer  4.608kB/4.608kB
03b3a4ed2e5a: Loading layer  3.072kB/3.072kB
37dfb8384dfe: Loading layer  7.168kB/7.168kB
8f65ce1dc902: Loading layer  12.29kB/12.29kB
Loaded image: jenkins/jenkins:latest

Jenkins image has been loaded into Docker. You can use following Linux command to verify this.

# docker images
REPOSITORY          TAG                 IMAGE ID            CREATED             SIZE
jenkins/jenkins     latest              9b74eda1c268        32 hours ago        704MB

Now, we can create and run Docker containers from the Jenkins/Jenkins image.

 

Conclusion:

Docker CE has been installed on our Offline CentOS 7 server. To start using Docker you should refer to Docker Documentation or buy andread Docker Deep Dive.

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10 comments:

  1. The best post !!!! thank you so much

    ReplyDelete
  2. how did you get this package: docker.tar.gz

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. We have created docker.tar.gz by using tar command. this archive contains the rpms that are required to install Docker CE.

      Delete
  3. Thank you for this well written article. Very helpful

    ReplyDelete
  4. same applicable for centos8?

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. No, Because yum is replaced with dnf in CentOS 8.
      Although, you can try following command.

      dnf download docker --resolve

      Delete
  5. Thanks. Its a great article.
    I would like to get docker version 18.09, is there a way to get older version not the latest?
    Thank you.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Add the following directive in /etc/yum.repos.d/docker-ce.repo to enable old versions of Docker.

      obsoletes=0

      Thereafter, execute following command to install your required Docker version.

      dnf install docker-ce-18.09*

      Delete

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