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Thursday, 16 May 2019

How to Install Jetty 9 Web Server on CentOS 7

Install Jetty 9 Web Server on CentOS 7

Jetty is a Java HTTP web server and Java servlet container. Jetty is a free and open source project developed and maintained by Eclipse Foundation. Jetty is used in many open source projects and products. Jetty can be easily embedded in devices, tools, frameworks, application servers and clusters.

In this article, we will install Jetty 9 web server on CentOS 7 and then deploy a Java web application on it.

 

Table of Contents:

 

System Specification:

We have provisioned a CentOS 7 virtual machine with following specification, for Jetty 9 installation.

  • Hostname - jetty-01.example.com
  • IP Address - 192.168.116.166/24
  • Operating System - CentOS 7.6
  • Jetty version - Jetty 9.4

Install Jetty 9 Web Server on CentOS 7

Installing OpenJDK 8 on CentOS 7:

Connect with jetty-01.example.com using ssh as root user.

Jetty requires JVM to execute Java web applications. Therefore we are installing OpenJDK using yum command.

# yum install -y java-1.8.0-openjdk

Set Java environment variables.

# echo "export JAVA_HOME=/usr/lib/jvm/jre-1.8.0-openjdk-1.8.0.212.b04-0.el7_6.x86_64" >> /etc/profile
# . /etc/profile
# env | grep JAVA_HOME
JAVA_HOME=/usr/lib/jvm/jre-1.8.0-openjdk-1.8.0.212.b04-0.el7_6.x86_64

Ensure Java installation by checking the version.

# java -version
openjdk version "1.8.0_212"
OpenJDK Runtime Environment (build 1.8.0_212-b04)
OpenJDK 64-Bit Server VM (build 25.212-b04, mixed mode)

OpenJDK has been installed on CentOS 7.

 

Installing Jetty 9 Web Server on CentOS 7:

Create a user to own Jetty software.

# useradd jetty

Download latest version of Jetty from Eclipse website. Earlier releases can be download from Maven Central.

# cd /tmp
# curl -O https://repo1.maven.org/maven2/org/eclipse/jetty/jetty-distribution/9.4.18.v20190429/jetty-distribution-9.4.18.v20190429.tar.gz
  % Total    % Received % Xferd  Average Speed   Time    Time     Time  Current
                                 Dload  Upload   Total   Spent    Left  Speed
100 18.4M  100 18.4M    0     0  95411      0  0:03:22  0:03:22 --:--:--  110k

Extract downloaded file to /opt directory.

# tar zxf jetty-distribution-9.4.18.v20190429.tar.gz -C /opt/

Create a soft link for /opt/jetty-distribution-9.4.18.v20190429/ directory.

# ln -s /opt/jetty-distribution-9.4.18.v20190429/ /opt/jetty

Set Jetty software ownership to jetty user.

# chown -R jetty:jetty /opt/jetty/

We need to set environment variables for Jetty server. You can also set JAVA_OPTIONS specific to Jetty web server here.

# cat > /etc/default/jetty << EOF
> JETTY_HOME=/opt/jetty
> JETTY_BASE=/opt/jetty/webapps
> JETTY_USER=jetty
> JETTY_HOST=0.0.0.0
> JETTY_ARGS=jetty.port=8080
> EOF

Create and set privileges on Jetty’s run directory.

# mkdir /var/run/jetty
# chown jetty:jetty /var/run/jetty

Allow Jetty service port in Linux Firewall.

# firewall-cmd --permanent --add-port=8080/tcp
success
# firewall-cmd --reload
success

Create a systemd unit for Jetty service.

# vi /usr/lib/systemd/system/jetty.service

and add following directives therein.

[Unit]
Description = Jetty Web Server
After = syslog.target network.target

[Service]
User = jetty
ExecStart = /opt/jetty/bin/jetty.sh start
ExecStop = /opt/jetty/bin/jetty.sh stop
ExecReload = /opt/jetty/bin/jetty.sh restart
Type = forking

[Install]
WantedBy = multi-user.target

Start and enable Jetty service.

# systemctl enable jetty.service
Created symlink from /etc/systemd/system/multi-user.target.wants/jetty.service to /usr/lib/systemd/system/jetty.service.
# systemctl start jetty.service

Browse URL http://jetty-01.example.com:8080/ from a client's browser.

01-jetty-9-default-homepage

Jetty 9 web server has been installed on CentOS 7.

 

Deploy a Java Web Application on Jetty 9 Web Server:

Download a Java project source from GitHub.

We are downloading simple-crud-app, which is a simple Hello World application.

# curl -O https://codeload.github.com/trdngy/toy-project-1/zip/master
  % Total    % Received % Xferd  Average Speed   Time    Time     Time  Current
                                 Dload  Upload   Total   Spent    Left  Speed
100 15923    0 15923    0     0   2994      0 --:--:--  0:00:05 --:--:--  4201

Extract downloaded file.

# unzip master

This project is powered by Apache Maven, therefore, we have to install Apache Maven to compile this project.

# yum install -y maven

Verify Apache Maven installation by checking its version.

# mvn -v
Apache Maven 3.0.5 (Red Hat 3.0.5-17)
Maven home: /usr/share/maven
Java version: 1.8.0_212, vendor: Oracle Corporation
Java home: /usr/lib/jvm/java-1.8.0-openjdk-1.8.0.212.b04-0.el7_6.x86_64/jre
Default locale: en_US, platform encoding: UTF-8
OS name: "linux", version: "3.10.0-957.el7.x86_64", arch: "amd64", family: "unix"

Compile the source to generate WAR file. We will deploy this WAR on our Jetty 9 web server.

# cd toy-project-1-master/
# mvn compile
[INFO] Scanning for projects...
[INFO]
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO] Building simple-crud-app Maven Webapp 0.0.1
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO]
[INFO] --- maven-resources-plugin:2.5:resources (default-resources) @ simple-crud-app ---
[debug] execute contextualize
[WARNING] Using platform encoding (UTF-8 actually) to copy filtered resources, i.e. build is platform dependent!
[INFO] Copying 1 resource
[INFO]
[INFO] --- maven-compiler-plugin:2.3.2:compile (default-compile) @ simple-crud-app ---
[WARNING] File encoding has not been set, using platform encoding UTF-8, i.e. build is platform dependent!
[INFO] Compiling 8 source files to /tmp/toy-project-1-master/target/classes
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO] BUILD SUCCESS
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO] Total time: 4.954s
[INFO] Finished at: Wed May 15 01:18:17 PKT 2019
[INFO] Final Memory: 13M/32M
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------

Build WAR file to deploy on our Jetty 9 web server.

# mvn package
[INFO] Scanning for projects...
[INFO]
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO] Building simple-crud-app Maven Webapp 0.0.1
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO]
[INFO] --- maven-resources-plugin:2.5:resources (default-resources) @ simple-crud-app ---
[debug] execute contextualize
[WARNING] Using platform encoding (UTF-8 actually) to copy filtered resources, i.e. build is platform dependent!
[INFO] Copying 1 resource
[INFO]
[INFO] --- maven-compiler-plugin:2.3.2:compile (default-compile) @ simple-crud-app ---
[INFO] Nothing to compile - all classes are up to date
[INFO]
[INFO] --- maven-resources-plugin:2.5:testResources (default-testResources) @ simple-crud-app ---
[debug] execute contextualize
[WARNING] Using platform encoding (UTF-8 actually) to copy filtered resources, i.e. build is platform dependent!
[INFO] skip non existing resourceDirectory /tmp/toy-project-1-master/src/test/resources
[INFO]
[INFO] --- maven-compiler-plugin:2.3.2:testCompile (default-testCompile) @ simple-crud-app ---
[INFO] No sources to compile
[INFO]
[INFO] --- maven-surefire-plugin:2.10:test (default-test) @ simple-crud-app ---
[INFO] No tests to run.
[INFO] Surefire report directory: /tmp/toy-project-1-master/target/surefire-reports

-------------------------------------------------------
 T E S T S
-------------------------------------------------------

Results :

Tests run: 0, Failures: 0, Errors: 0, Skipped: 0

[INFO]
[INFO] --- maven-war-plugin:3.2.0:war (default-war) @ simple-crud-app ---
[INFO] Packaging webapp
[INFO] Assembling webapp [simple-crud-app] in [/tmp/toy-project-1-master/target/simple-crud-app]
[INFO] Processing war project
[INFO] Copying webapp resources [/tmp/toy-project-1-master/src/main/webapp]
[INFO] Webapp assembled in [378 msecs]
[INFO] Building war: /tmp/toy-project-1-master/target/simple-crud-app.war
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO] BUILD SUCCESS
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO] Total time: 7.324s
[INFO] Finished at: Wed May 15 01:19:15 PKT 2019
[INFO] Final Memory: 9M/92M
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------

Copy the generated WAR file in Jetty 9 webapps directory.

# mv /tmp/toy-project-1-master/target/simple-crud-app.war /opt/jetty/webapps/

If you access the URL http://jetty-01.example.com:8080/ , you may notice that our application is automatically added in Jetty 9 web server.

02-jetty-9-default-homepage

Browser URL http://jetty-01.example.com:8080/simple-crud-app/ to access our Java Web Application via Jetty 9 web server.

03-jetty-9-simple-crud-app

We have successfully deployed a Java web application in our Jetty 9 web server on CentOS 7. If you want to know more about Jetty, then you should read Java Web Services: Up and Running by O'Reilly Media.

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2 comments:

  1. Thank you for this. Just a small note:

    It seems to me that you have omitted the step of creating a base directory using the start.jar. As a result, when you try to start the service you get an error such as "Cannot find a start.ini file or a start.d directory in your JETTY_BASE directory" in journactl -xe.

    I corrected this by running "java -jar ../start.jar --add-to-startd=http,deploy" in my JETTY_BASE directory.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Hi, Thanks for your feedback.

      Well, I am not receiving any such error. May be you are using some other version of Jetty or Linux. Thus, the step you have mentioned above is not mandatory.

      Delete

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