Install CentOS 8 in Text Mode on a KVM Guest - CentLinux

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Wednesday, 1 January 2020

Install CentOS 8 in Text Mode on a KVM Guest

Install CentOS 8 in Text Mode on a KVM Guest

We have configured a KVM virtualization host in CentOS 8. Now, we are creating a KVM guest and installing CentOS 8 operating system in text mode.

 

This Article Provides:

     

    Environment Specification:

    We are using a pre-configured KVM virtualization host with following specification.

    • CPU - 3.4 Ghz (2 cores)
    • Memory - 2 GB
    • Storage - 60 GB
    • Operating System - CentOS 8.0
    • Hostname - kvm-virtualization-01.recipes.com
    • IP Address - 192.168.116.206 /24

     

    Create a VM on our KVM Virtualization Host:

    To create a CentOS 8 virtual machine, we are required the CentOS 8 ISO file on our KVM virtualization host.

    Create a directory to store operating systems’ ISO files.

    [root@kvm-virtualization-01 ~]# mkdir /var/lib/libvirt/iso

    Transfer the CentOS 8 ISO file to the KVM virtualization host using WinSCP.

    Connect with kvm-virtualization-01.recipes.com using ssh as root user.

    [root@kvm-virtualization-01 ~]# ls /var/lib/libvirt/iso -alh total 7.0G drwxr-xr-x. 2 root root 80 Dec 30 14:39 . drwxr-xr-x. 10 root root 117 Dec 30 14:20 .. -rw-r--r--. 1 root root 330M Mar 1 2013 CentOS-6.3-x86_64-minimal.iso -rw-r--r--. 1 root root 6.7G Sep 26 03:36 CentOS-8-x86_64-1905-dvd1.iso

    Create a CentOS 8 virtual machine using following command.

    [root@kvm-virtualization-01 ~]# virt-install --name kvm-guest-01 \ > --memory 512 \ > --vcpus 1 \ > --disk size=20 \ > --os-variant rhel8.0 \ > --location /var/lib/libvirt/iso/CentOS-8-x86_64-1905-dvd1.iso \ > --graphics none \ > --extra-args='console=ttyS0'

    A virtual machine will be created and the Anaconda installer will be launched automatically.

     

    Installing CentOS 8 in Text Mode on a KVM Guest:

    After scrolling through a lot of information and messages, the Anaconda installer will take you to the main installation menu.

    Starting installer, one moment... anaconda 29.19.0.40-1.el8 for CentOS Linux 8.0.1905 started. * installation log files are stored in /tmp during the installation * shell is available on TTY2 * if the graphical installation interface fails to start, try again with the inst.text bootoption to start text installation * when reporting a bug add logs from /tmp as separate text/plain attachments 10:12:52 Not asking for VNC because we don't have a network ================================================================================ ================================================================================ Installation 1) [x] Language settings 2) [x] Time settings (English (United States)) (America/New_York timezone) 3) [!] Installation source 4) [!] Software selection (Processing...) (Processing...) 5) [!] Installation Destination 6) [x] Kdump (No disks selected) (Kdump is enabled) 7) [!] Network configuration 8) [!] Root password (Not connected) (Password is not set.) 9) [!] User creation (No user will be created) Please make a selection from the above ['b' to begin installation, 'q' to quit, 'r' to refresh]: 2

    Language settings are ok, therefore, no need to change it.

    We entered the '2' to set Time settings.

    Time settings Timezone: America/New_York NTP servers:not configured 1) Change timezone 2) Configure NTP servers Please make a selection from the above ['c' to continue, 'q' to quit, 'r' to refresh]: 1

    Enter '1' to set timezone.

    Timezone settings Available regions 1) Europe 5) Antarctica 9) Indian 2) Asia 6) Pacific 10) Arctic 3) America 7) Australia 11) US 4) Africa 8) Atlantic 12) Etc Please select the timezone. Use numbers or type names directly ['b' back to region list, 'c' to continue, 'q' to quit, 'r' to refresh]: 2

    Select your required region, we have selected '2' for Asia.

    Timezone settings Available timezones in region Asia 1) Aden 29) Hong_Kong 57) Pyongyang 2) Almaty 30) Hovd 58) Qatar 3) Amman 31) Irkutsk 59) Qostanay 4) Anadyr 32) Jakarta 60) Qyzylorda 5) Aqtau 33) Jayapura 61) Riyadh 6) Aqtobe 34) Jerusalem 62) Sakhalin 7) Ashgabat 35) Kabul 63) Samarkand 8) Atyrau 36) Kamchatka 64) Seoul 9) Baghdad 37) Karachi 65) Shanghai 10) Bahrain 38) Kathmandu 66) Singapore 11) Baku 39) Khandyga 67) Srednekolymsk 12) Bangkok 40) Kolkata 68) Taipei 13) Barnaul 41) Krasnoyarsk 69) Tashkent 14) Beirut 42) Kuala_Lumpur 70) Tbilisi 15) Bishkek 43) Kuching 71) Tehran 16) Brunei 44) Kuwait 72) Thimphu 17) Chita 45) Macau 73) Tokyo 18) Choibalsan 46) Magadan 74) Tomsk 19) Colombo 47) Makassar 75) Ulaanbaatar 20) Damascus 48) Manila 76) Urumqi 21) Dhaka 49) Muscat 77) Ust-Nera 22) Dili 50) Nicosia 78) Vientiane 23) Dubai 51) Novokuznetsk 79) Vladivostok 24) Dushanbe 52) Novosibirsk 80) Yakutsk 25) Famagusta 53) Omsk 81) Yangon 26) Gaza 54) Oral 82) Yekaterinburg 27) Hebron 55) Phnom_Penh 83) Yerevan 28) Ho_Chi_Minh 56) Pontianak Please select the timezone. Use numbers or type names directly ['b' back to region list, 'c' to continue, 'q' to quit, 'r' to refresh]: 37

    Select your timezone, we have set '37' for Karachi.

    Timezone has been set and we are at the main installation menu again.

    Installation 1) [x] Language settings 2) [x] Time settings (English (United States)) (Asia/Karachi timezone) 3) [x] Installation source 4) [x] Software selection (Local media) (Server with GUI) 5) [!] Installation Destination 6) [x] Kdump (No disks selected) (Kdump is enabled) 7) [ ] Network configuration 8) [!] Root password (Not connected) (Password is not set.) 9) [!] User creation (No user will be created) Please make a selection from the above ['b' to begin installation, 'q' to quit, 'r' to refresh]: 4

    Now enter '4' to choose Software selection.

    Software selection Base environment 1) [x] Server with GUI 4) [ ] Workstation 2) [ ] Server 5) [ ] Custom Operating System 3) [ ] Minimal Install 6) [ ] Virtualization Host Please make a selection from the above ['c' to continue, 'q' to quit, 'r' to refresh]: 3

    Enter '3' to choose Minimal Install option.

    Software selection Base environment 1) [ ] Server with GUI 4) [ ] Workstation 2) [ ] Server 5) [ ] Custom Operating System 3) [x] Minimal Install 6) [ ] Virtualization Host Please make a selection from the above ['c' to continue, 'q' to quit, 'r' to refresh]: c

    Enter 'c' to continue to next software selection menu.

    Software selection Add-ons for selected environment 1) [ ] Guest Agents 8) [ ] Headless Management 2) [ ] Standard 9) [ ] Network Servers 3) [ ] Legacy UNIX Compatibility 10) [ ] RPM Development Tools 4) [ ] Container Management 11) [ ] Scientific Support 5) [ ] Development Tools 12) [ ] Security Tools 6) [ ] .NET Core Development 13) [ ] Smart Card Support 7) [ ] Graphical Administration Tools 14) [ ] System Tools Please make a selection from the above ['c' to continue, 'q' to quit, 'r' to refresh]: c

    Select optional add-ons here and enter 'c' to continue to the main menu.

    Installation 1) [x] Language settings 2) [x] Time settings (English (United States)) (Asia/Karachi timezone) 3) [!] Installation source 4) [!] Software selection (Processing...) (Processing...) 5) [!] Installation Destination 6) [x] Kdump (No disks selected) (Kdump is enabled) 7) [ ] Network configuration 8) [!] Root password (Not connected) (Password is not set.) 9) [!] User creation (No user will be created) Please make a selection from the above ['b' to begin installation, 'q' to quit, 'r' to refresh]: r

    Setup is processing the settings, enter 'r' to refresh the menu.

    Installation 1) [x] Language settings 2) [x] Time settings (English (United States)) (Asia/Karachi timezone) 3) [x] Installation source 4) [x] Software selection (Local media) (Minimal Install) 5) [!] Installation Destination 6) [x] Kdump (No disks selected) (Kdump is enabled) 7) [ ] Network configuration 8) [!] Root password (Not connected) (Password is not set.) 9) [!] User creation (No user will be created) Please make a selection from the above ['b' to begin installation, 'q' to quit, 'r' to refresh]: 5

    Enter '5' to configure Installation Destination.

    Installation Destination 1) [x] : 20 GiB (vda) 1 disk selected; 20 GiB capacity; 20 GiB free ... Please make a selection from the above ['c' to continue, 'q' to quit, 'r' to refresh]: c

    We have only one disk and it is already selected as the Installation Destination.

    Enter 'c' to continue to Partitioning Options.

    Partitioning Options 1) [ ] Replace Existing Linux system(s) 2) [ ] Use All Space 3) [ ] Use Free Space 4) [ ] Manually assign mount points Installation requires partitioning of your hard drive. Select what space to use for the install target or manually assign mount points. Please make a selection from the above ['c' to continue, 'q' to quit, 'r' to refresh]: 2

    Enter '2' to choose Use All Space option.

    Partitioning Options 1) [ ] Replace Existing Linux system(s) 2) [x] Use All Space 3) [ ] Use Free Space 4) [ ] Manually assign mount points Installation requires partitioning of your hard drive. Select what space to use for the install target or manually assign mount points. Please make a selection from the above ['c' to continue, 'q' to quit, 'r' to refresh]: c

    Enter 'c' to continue to Partition Scheme Options.

    Partition Scheme Options 1) [ ] Standard Partition 2) [x] LVM 3) [ ] LVM Thin Provisioning Select a partition scheme configuration. Please make a selection from the above ['c' to continue, 'q' to quit, 'r' to refresh]: c Generating updated storage configuration Checking storage configuration...

    Go with the default option and enter 'c' to continue.

    Installation 1) [x] Language settings 2) [x] Time settings (English (United States)) (Asia/Karachi timezone) 3) [x] Installation source 4) [x] Software selection (Local media) (Minimal Install) 5) [x] Installation Destination 6) [x] Kdump (Automatic partitioning (Kdump is enabled) selected) 7) [ ] Network configuration 8) [!] Root password (Not connected) (Password is not set.) 9) [!] User creation (No user will be created) Please make a selection from the above ['b' to begin installation, 'q' to quit, 'r' to refresh]: 6

    Disable kdump by selecting option '6'.

    Kdump 1) [x] Enable kdump 2) Reserve amount (0 - 0 MB) auto Please make a selection from the above ['c' to continue, 'q' to quit, 'r' to refresh]: 1

    Enter '1' to disable kdump.

    Kdump 1) [ ] Enable kdump Please make a selection from the above ['c' to continue, 'q' to quit, ' refresh]: c

    Enter 'c' to continue to the main menu.

    Installation 1) [x] Language settings 2) [x] Time settings (English (United States)) (Asia/Karachi timezone) 3) [x] Installation source 4) [x] Software selection (Local media) (Minimal Install) 5) [x] Installation Destination 6) [x] Kdump (Automatic partitioning (Kdump is disabled) selected) 7) [ ] Network configuration 8) [!] Root password (Not connected) (Password is not set.) 9) [!] User creation (No user will be created) Please make a selection from the above ['b' to begin installation, 'q' 'r' to refresh]: 7

    Enter '7' for Network configuration.

    Network configuration Wired (enp1s0) disconnected Host Name: localhost.localdomain Current host name: localhost 1) Set host name 2) Configure device enp1s0 Please make a selection from the above ['c' to continue, 'q' to quit, 'r' to refresh]: 1

    Set hostname by selecting option '1'.

    Enter a new value for 'Host Name' and press ENTER: kvm-guest-01.recipes.com

    Provide the required hostname of your VM here.

    Network configuration Wired (enp1s0) disconnected Host Name: kvm-guest-01.recipes.com Current host name: localhost 1) Set host name 2) Configure device enp1s0 Please make a selection from the above ['c' to continue, 'q' to quit, 'r' to refresh]: 2

    Now choose option '2' to configure network interface.

    Device configuration 1) IPv4 address or "dhcp" for DHCP dhcp 2) IPv4 netmask 3) IPv4 gateway 4) IPv6 address[/prefix] or "auto" for automatic, "dhcp" for DHCP, "ignore" to turn off auto 5) IPv6 default gateway 6) Nameservers (comma separated) 7) [ ] Connect automatically after reboot 8) [ ] Apply configuration in installer Configuring device enp1s0. Please make a selection from the above ['c' to continue, 'q' to quit, 'r' to refresh]: 7

    Choose option '7' to autoconnect network connection.

    Device configuration 1) IPv4 address or "dhcp" for DHCP dhcp 2) IPv4 netmask 3) IPv4 gateway 4) IPv6 address[/prefix] or "auto" for automatic, "dhcp" for DHCP, "ignore" to turn off auto 5) IPv6 default gateway 6) Nameservers (comma separated) 7) [x] Connect automatically after reboot 8) [ ] Apply configuration in installer Configuring device enp1s0. Please make a selection from the above ['c' to continue, 'q' to quit, 'r' to refresh]: 8

    Choose option '8' to apply changes.

    Device configuration 1) IPv4 address or "dhcp" for DHCP dhcp 2) IPv4 netmask 3) IPv4 gateway 4) IPv6 address[/prefix] or "auto" for automatic, "dhcp" for DHCP, "ignore" to turn off auto 5) IPv6 default gateway 6) Nameservers (comma separated) 7) [x] Connect automatically after reboot 8) [x] Apply configuration in installer Configuring device enp1s0. Please make a selection from the above ['c' to continue, 'q' to quit, 'r' to refresh]: c

    Enter 'c' to continue to Network configuration menu.

    Network configuration Wired (enp1s0) disconnected Host Name: kvm-guest-01.recipes.com Current host name: localhost 1) Set host name 2) Configure device enp1s0 Please make a selection from the above ['c' to continue, 'q' to quit, 'r' to refresh]: c

    Enter 'c' again to skip to main menu.

    Installation 1) [x] Language settings 2) [x] Time settings (English (United States)) (Asia/Karachi timezone) 3) [x] Installation source 4) [x] Software selection (Local media) (Minimal Install) 5) [x] Installation Destination 6) [x] Kdump (Automatic partitioning (Kdump is disabled) selected) 7) [x] Network configuration 8) [!] Root password (Wired (enp1s0) connected) (Password is not set.) 9) [!] User creation (No user will be created) Please make a selection from the above ['b' to begin installation, 'q' to quit, 'r' to refresh]: 8

    Enter ‘8’ to set the root password .

    Root password Please select new root password. You will have to type it twice. Password: Password (confirm):

    After setting a password, we are automatically skipped to main menu.

    Installation 1) [x] Language settings 2) [x] Time settings (English (United States)) (Asia/Karachi timezone) 3) [x] Installation source 4) [x] Software selection (Local media) (Minimal Install) 5) [x] Installation Destination 6) [x] Kdump (Automatic partitioning (Kdump is disabled) selected) 7) [x] Network configuration 8) [x] Root password (Wired (enp1s0) connected) (Password is set.) 9) [ ] User creation (No user will be created) Please make a selection from the above ['b' to begin installation, 'q' to quit, 'r' to refresh]: b

    Press 'b' to begin installation.

    Progress . Setting up the installation environment . Configuring storage .. Creating disklabel on /dev/vda Creating ext4 on /dev/vda1 Creating lvmpv on /dev/vda2 Creating swap on /dev/mapper/cl-swap Creating xfs on /dev/mapper/cl-root .. Running pre-installation scripts . Discovering realm to join . Running pre-installation tasks ...... Installing. Starting package installation process Downloading packages Preparing transaction from installation source Installing libgcc.x86_64 (1/390) Installing geolite2-country.noarch (2/390) Installing geolite2-city.noarch (3/390) Installing tzdata.noarch (4/390) Installing hwdata.noarch (5/390) Installing xkeyboard-config.noarch (6/390) Installing publicsuffix-list-dafsa.noarch (7/390) Installing pkgconf-m4.noarch (8/390) Installing ncurses-base.noarch (9/390) Installing linux-firmware.noarch (10/390) Installing libreport-filesystem.x86_64 (11/390) Installing dnf-data.noarch (12/390) Installing kbd-misc.noarch (13/390) Installing kbd-legacy.noarch (14/390) Installing firewalld-filesystem.noarch (15/390) Installing dhcp-common.noarch (16/390) Installing dbus-common.noarch (17/390) Installing centos-release.x86_64 (18/390) Installing setup.noarch (19/390) Installing filesystem.x86_64 (20/390) ... Installing iwl4965-firmware.noarch (382/390) Installing iwl3945-firmware.noarch (383/390) Installing iwl3160-firmware.noarch (384/390) Installing iwl2030-firmware.noarch (385/390) Installing iwl2000-firmware.noarch (386/390) Installing iwl135-firmware.noarch (387/390) Installing iwl105-firmware.noarch (388/390) Installing iwl1000-firmware.noarch (389/390) Installing iwl100-firmware.noarch (390/390) Performing post-installation setup tasks Configuring filesystem.x86_64 Configuring kernel-core.x86_64 Configuring authselect-libs.x86_64 Configuring sssd-common.x86_64 Configuring tuned.noarch Configuring microcode_ctl.x86_64 ... Verifying python3-rhnlib.noarch (384/390) Verifying python3-unbound.x86_64 (385/390) Verifying qemu-guest-agent.x86_64 (386/390) Verifying rhn-client-tools.x86_64 (387/390) Verifying rsyslog.x86_64 (388/390) Verifying unbound-libs.x86_64 (389/390) Verifying xkeyboard-config.noarch (390/390) . Configuring storage . Installing boot loader . Performing post-installation setup tasks . Configuring installed system .......... Writing network configuration . Creating users .... Configuring addons Executing org_fedora_oscap addon Executing com_redhat_kdump addon . Generating initramfs . Running post-installation scripts . Storing configuration files and kickstarts .. Installation complete. Press ENTER to quit:

    Press <ENTER> to restart virtual machine.

    CentOS Linux 8 (Core) Kernel 4.18.0-80.el8.x86_64 on an x86_64 kvm-guest-01 login:

    After restart it shows you the CentOS 8 login prompt.

    Press Ctrl+] to exit from VM guest.

    We have successfully installed CentOS 8 in Text mode on a KVM Guest.

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