Install Couchbase Server on CentOS / RHEL 8 - CentLinux

Latest

Monday, 7 September 2020

Install Couchbase Server on CentOS / RHEL 8

install-couchbase-server-on-centos-8

Couchbase is a NoSQL document-oriented database management system. In this guide, you will learn how to install Couchbase Server on CentOS / RHEL 8.

 

Table of Contents:

 

What is Couchbase? :

Couchbase server, originally known as Membase, is an open-source, distributed (shared-nothing architecture) multi-model NoSQL document-oriented database software.

Couchbase server is optimized for interactive applications. These applications may serve many concurrent users by creating, storing, retrieving, aggregating, manipulating and presenting data.

In support of these kinds of application needs, Couchbase database is designed to provide easy-to-scale key-value or JSON document access with low latency and high sustained throughput. It is designed to be clustered from a single machine to very large-scale deployments spanning many machines.

A query language called the non-first normal form query language, N1QL (pronounced nickel), is used for manipulating the JSON data in Couchbase database, just like SQL manipulates data in RDBMS. It has SELECT, INSERT, UPDATE, DELETE, MERGE statements to operate on JSON data. It was announced in March 2015 as "SQL for documents". (Courtesy: Wikipedia)

 

Environment Specification:

We are using a minimal CentOS 8 virtual machine with following specifications.

  • CPU - 3.4 Ghz (1 cores)
  • Memory - 3 GB
  • Storage - 20 GB
  • Operating System - CentOS 8.2
  • Hostname – couchbase-01.centlinux.com
  • IP Address - 192.168.116.206 /24

 

Updating Linux Software Packages:

Use a SSH client and connect with couchbase-01.centlinux.com as root user.

As per best practice, we always recommend to update the existing software packages on CentOS 8 operating system, and then install any new software on that server.

Execute dnf command to update existing software packages on CentOS 8.

# dnf update -y Last metadata expiration check: 0:00:20 ago on Sun 06 Sep 2020 07:39:54 PM PKT. Dependencies resolved. Nothing to do. Complete!

Our Linux operating system is already up-to-date, so there is nothing to update right now. The output may vary on your server machine.

 

Disable Transparent HugePages in CentOS / RHEL 8:

Transparent HugePages are enabled by default in CentOS / RHEL 8. But it harms the performance of Couchbase database.

Therefore, it is required that, you should disable Transparent HugePages on your Linux operating system before installing the NoSQL database server.

Check the current status of Transparent HugePages.

# cat /sys/kernel/mm/transparent_hugepage/enabled [always] madvise never

As expected, Transparent HugePages are already enabled in our Linux operating system.

To disable Transparent HugePages, you have to edit GRUB boot menu. For this purpose, edit the GRUB configuration file in vim text editor.

# vi /etc/default/grub

Locate GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX and append "transparent_hugepage=never" at the end of line.

GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX="resume=/dev/mapper/cl-swap rd.lvm.lv=cl/root rd.lvm.lv=cl/swap rhgb quiet transparent_hugepage=never"

Generate new GRUB boot menu based on customized configuration file.

# grub2-mkconfig -o /boot/grub2/grub.cfg Generating grub configuration file ... done

Restart Linux operating system to apply new settings.

# systemctl reboot

After restart, check the status of HugePages again.

# cat /sys/kernel/mm/transparent_hugepage/enabled always madvise [never]

You have disabled Transparent HugePages on your Linux operating system. But you are also required to configure tuned service as well.

tuned service is used for monitoring and tuning in a Linux system. tuned service can be used to disable or enable Transparent HugePages.

Therefore, we need to create a profile for tuned service and disable the Transparent HugePages in that profile.

Create a directory for new tuned profile.

# mkdir /etc/tuned/no-thp

Create a tuned configuration file.

# vi /etc/tuned/no-thp/tuned.conf

Add following lines in that file.

[main] include=virtual-guest [vm] transparent_hugepages=never

Enable the no-thp profile by using following command.

# tuned-adm profile no-thp

 

Change Swappiness in CentOS / RHEL 8:

The Linux kernel's swappiness setting defines how aggressively it will swap memory pages versus dropping pages from the page cache.

A higher value increases swap aggressiveness, while a lower value tells the Linux kernel to swap as little as possible to disk and favor RAM.

The swappiness range is from 0 to 100, and most Linux distributions have swappiness set to 60 by default.

Couchbase Database Server is optimized with its managed cache to use RAM, and is capable of managing what should be in RAM and what shouldn’t be. Allowing the Linux operating system to have too much control over what memory pages are in RAM is likely to lower your NoSQL database performance. Therefore, it’s recommended that swappiness should be set to 0.

Check current setting of swappiness.

# cat /proc/sys/vm/swappiness 60

Set the swappiness setting to 0 for the running system.

# sysctl -w vm.swappiness=0 vm.swappiness = 0

Verify the current setting of swappiness again.

# cat /proc/sys/vm/swappiness 0

To make swappiness setting persistent, we have to add it in Kernel parameter file.

# echo 'vm.swappiness=0' >> /etc/sysctl.d/99-swappiness.conf

 

Installing Couchbase Official Repository:

Couchbase software is provided through their official yum repository.

Therefore, you are required to install Couchbase yum repository first on your Linux operating system.

# dnf install -y https://packages.couchbase.com/releases/couchbase-release/couchbase-release-1.0-x86_64.rpm

Build cache for newly installed yum repositories.

# dnf makecache CentOS-8 - AppStream 7.3 kB/s | 4.3 kB 00:00 CentOS-8 - Base 6.2 kB/s | 3.9 kB 00:00 CentOS-8 - Extras 3.7 kB/s | 1.5 kB 00:00 Couchbase Server 52 kB/s | 119 kB 00:02 Couchbase Server (Community Edition) 29 kB/s | 106 kB 00:03 Couchbase SDK package repository 8.2 kB/s | 6.7 kB 00:00 Metadata cache created.

 

Installing Couchbase Server on CentOS / RHEL 8:

You have already added required yum repository, therefore, you can now easily install Couchbase software on your Linux server by using dnf command.

# dnf install -y couchbase-server Last metadata expiration check: 0:53:49 ago on Sun 06 Sep 2020 07:48:23 PM PKT. Dependencies resolved. ================================================================================ Package Arch Version Repository Size ================================================================================ Installing: couchbase-server x86_64 6.6.0-7909 couchbase-server 361 M Installing dependencies: bzip2 x86_64 1.0.6-26.el8 BaseOS 60 k Transaction Summary ================================================================================ Install 2 Packages Total download size: 361 M Installed size: 847 M Downloading Packages: (1/2): bzip2-1.0.6-26.el8.x86_64.rpm 271 kB/s | 60 kB 00:00 (2/2): couchbase-server-enterprise-6.6.0-centos 1.0 MB/s | 361 MB 05:56 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Total 1.0 MB/s | 361 MB 05:57 Running transaction check Transaction check succeeded. Running transaction test Transaction test succeeded. Running transaction Preparing : 1/1 Installing : bzip2-1.0.6-26.el8.x86_64 1/2 Running scriptlet: couchbase-server-6.6.0-7909.x86_64 2/2 Minimum RAM required : 4 GB System RAM configured : 2.63 GB Minimum number of processors required : 4 cores Number of processors on the system : 1 cores Installing : couchbase-server-6.6.0-7909.x86_64 2/2 Running scriptlet: couchbase-server-6.6.0-7909.x86_64 2/2 You have successfully installed Couchbase Server. Please browse to http://couchbase-01.centlinux.com:8091/ to configure your server. Refer to http://docs.couchbase.com for additional resources. Please note that you have to update your firewall configuration to allow external connections to a number of network ports for full operation. Refer to the documentation for the current list: https://docs.couchbase.com/server/6.6/install/install-ports.html By using this software you agree to the End User License Agreement. See /opt/couchbase/LICENSE.txt. Verifying : bzip2-1.0.6-26.el8.x86_64 1/2 Verifying : couchbase-server-6.6.0-7909.x86_64 2/2 Installed: bzip2-1.0.6-26.el8.x86_64 couchbase-server-6.6.0-7909.x86_64 Complete!

Your NoSQL database server has been installed successfully.

 

Set Process & File Descriptors Limits:

The default process and file descriptor limits are not sufficient for couchbase user. Therefore, you have to explicitly increase these limits.

Create a configuration file in /etc/security/limits.d directory by using vim text editor.

# vi /etc/security/limits.d/couchbase.conf

And add following settings therein.

couchbase soft nproc 10000 couchbase hard nproc 10000 couchbase soft nofile 70000 couchbase hard nofile 70000

 

Configure Linux Firewall:

Couchbase database uses following service ports.

  • 8091/18091 - Cluster Administration Console (HTTP/HTTPS)
  • 8092/18092 - Views and XDCR Access (HTTP/HTTPS)
  • 8093/18093 - Query Service (HTTP/HTTPS)
  • 8094/18094 - Search Service (HTTP/HTTPS)
  • 8095/18095 - Analytics Service (HTTP/HTTPS)
  • 8096/18096 - Eventing Service (HTTP/HTTPS)
  • 9140 - Eventing Service Debugger
  • 11210,11211,11207 - Data Service

Therefore, you need to allow incoming traffic to these ports, to make them accessible across the network.

# firewall-cmd --permanent --add-port={8091-8096,9140,11210,11211,11207,18091-18096}/tcp success # firewall-cmd --reload success

 

Configuring Couchbase Server:

Open URL http://couchbase-01.centlinux.com:8091 in a web browser.

01-install-couchbase-server-on-centos-8-web-console

Since, you are accessing Couchbase web console for the first time, therefore, you are being asked to setup this cluster node.

If you are already running a Couchbase cluster, then you can add this node to your existing cluster.

Because you don't have any Couchbase cluster, therefore, you have to create a new cluster.

Click on 'Setup New Cluster'.

02-install-couchbase-server-on-centos-8-new-cluster

Provide information to create a new cluster and click on 'Next: Accept Terms'.

03-install-couchbase-server-on-centos-8-license

Read and accept the license agreement and click on 'Configure Disk, Memory, Services'.

04-install-couchbase-server-on-centos-8-configure

Change settings here according to your requirement. Don't worry, you can also change these settings later from the web interface.

Click on 'Save & Finish'.

05-install-couchbase-server-on-centos-8-dashboard

You will be redirected to the Dashboard. It is currently empty, because there isn't any bucket created yet.

Click on 'Settings > Sample Buckets'.

06-install-couchbase-server-on-centos-8-sample-data

Choose a sample and click on 'Load Sample Data'.

Go back to Dashboard again.

07-install-couchbase-server-on-centos-8-dashboard

Now, you can see some graphs based on the sample data.

 

Conclusion:

We have successfully installed Couchbase server on CentOS / RHEL 8. Before you start using it, we recommend that you should buy and read Pro Couchbase Server 2nd Edition by Apress. This book will help you in understanding the NoSQL document-oriented database management system.

No comments:

Post a Comment