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Monday, 18 July 2022

Rocky Linux 9: Minimal Server Installation with Screenshots

In this article, you will learn about Rocky Linux 9 minimal installation with screenshots.

 

Table of Contents:

 

What is Rocky Linux?:

Rocky Linux is a Linux distribution developed by Rocky Enterprise Software Foundation. It is intended to be a downstream, complete binary-compatible release using the Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL) operating system source code. The project's aim is to provide a community-supported, production-grade enterprise operating system. Rocky Linux, along with Red Hat Enterprise Linux and SUSE Linux Enterprise, has become popular for enterprise operating system use.

Rocky Linux 9.0, the latest version of the open source enterprise operating system designed to be fully bug-for-bug compatible with Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL), is now generally available. The update includes new security and networking features, and a new open source build system called Peridot.

Released on 14 July 2022, Rocky Linux 9.0 has all of the build chain infrastructure tools for developers to pick up Rocky Linux or extend or reproduce the Operating system, should a developer want to do something independently of the community or any upstream supporting organization. A primary goal behind developing the new, cloud-native build system was assuring that new versions of Rocky can be released within one week of new RHEL version releases.

Rocky Linux 9: Minimal Server Installation with Screenshots

 

What's New in Rocky Linux 9?:

Some of the new features of Rocky Linux 9 are:

  • Rocky Linux 9 will be supported until May 31st, 2032
  • Ships with GNOME 40 as the default desktop environment
  • XFS now supports Direct Access (DAX) operations
  • NFS introduces the “eager write” mount option to help reduce latency
  • Rocky Linux 9 has many of the latest runtimes and compilers, including GCC 11.2.1, LLVM (13.0.1), Rust (1.58.1), and Go (1.17.1)
  • Python 3.9 will be supported for the entire lifecycle of Rocky Linux 9 and comes with many new features
  • Node.js 16 include an upgrade to the V8 engine to version 9.2
  • Ruby 3.0.3 provides several performance improvements, along with bug and security fixes
  • Perl 5.32 provides bug fixes and enhancements, including Unicode version 13
  • PHP 8.0 provides bug fixes and enhancements, including the use of structured metadata syntax
  • Root user authentication with a password over SSH has been disabled by default
  • OpenSSL 3.0 adds a provider concept, a new versioning scheme, and improved HTTPS
  • The Cockpit web console has an improved performance metrics page that helps identify causes of high CPU, memory, disk, and network resource usage spikes.

 

System Requirements:

With Rocky Linux 9.0, some older CPUs will not work well, or perhaps at all. The following architectures are considered minimum requirements for a successful install:

  • AMD and Intel 64-bit architectures (x86-64-v2)
  • The 64-bit ARM architecture (ARMv8.0-A)
  • IBM Power Systems, Little Endian (POWER9)
  • 64-bit IBM Z (z14)

 

Download Rocky Linux 9 Minimal ISO:

Being a free and open source software, Rocky Linux 9 (ISO) can be downloaded from it's Official website. You should download the Minimal ISO of Rocky Linux 8 from there.

Rocky Linux 9 Download

 

Installing Rocky Linux 9:

You can either burn Downloaded ISO file into a DVD / USB and later use that device to install Rocky Linux on your Data center servers.

Or you can directly insert the ISO file into your virtual cdrom, if you are using a virtualization platform.

Start your server machine to initiate Rocky Linux installation.

rocky-linux-9-install-menu

At the first menu after boot, Select "Install Rocky Linux 9" option and press <ENTER>.

01-rocky-linux-9-boot

02-rocky-linux-9-boot

The Anaconda installer is starting now.

03-rocky-linux-9-language-selection

Select your preferred Language for installation process and click on "Continue".

04-rocky-linux-9-installation-summary

You are at the "Installation Summary" screen now. You can customize different settings of your Linux operating system installation from here.

Click on "Installation Destination" under "System" section, to create disk partitions.

05-rocky-linux-9-disk-partitions

Here, you can customize your disk partitioning layout or Simply click on "Done" to accept and continue with the default Linux disk partitions according to the predefined template.

06-rocky-linux-9-installation-summary

You are again at the "Installation Summary" screen.

Click on "Network and Host Name" to customize your network settings.

07-rocky-linux-9-network-hostname

In Rocky Linux 9, the network interface is already configured to use DHCP.

You can see that, the IP address, DNS and gateway is already provided by your network DHCP server.

You just need to set a Host Name here. 

Enter a Host Name for your Linux server and Click on "Apply".

Click on "Done", when you have completed your network configurations.

08-rocky-linux-time-zone

Click on "Time & Date" under "Localization" to set your required timezone.

09-rocky-linux-installation-summary

Choose your timezone and set the date and time now.

Click on "Done" after finishing your configurations.

10-rocky-linux-9-root-user

Under "User Settings", click on "Root Password" to customize your Linux Super Admin account.

11-rocky-linux-9-installation-summary

Set a very strong password for root user here.

Root SSH login with password is disabled by default in Rocky Linux 9. 

However, you can enable it by setting the "Allow root SSH login with Password" option here.

Click on "Done".

12-rocky-linux-9-installing

When you are done customizing your Linux Operating System installation, Click on "Begin Installation".

13-rocky-linux-9-installing

Installation is in progress now.

14-rocky-linux-9-grub-menu

Since, you are performing a Rocky Linux 9 minimal server installation, therefore, it won't take much time to complete.

Click on "Reboot System" to restart your Linux operating system.

15-rocky-linux-9-boot

Press <ENTER> to start your Linux operating system.

16-rocky-linux-9-commandline

The system startup will take a few seconds and then take you to the Linux commandline login prompt.

16-rocky-linux-9-commandline

Your Linux server has been minimal installed successfully. Login as root user and start using it for your Data Center deployments.

 

Video Link:

 

Conclusion:

In this article, you have learned about Rocky Linux 9 minimal installation with screenshots.

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